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2006年11月翻译考试英语初级笔译实务真题及答案

   2017-07-24   【

2006年11月翻译考试英语初级笔译实务真题及答案

试题部分:

  Section 1: English-Chinese Translation (英译汉) (60 points)

  Translate the following passage into Chinese. The time for this section is 120 minutes.

  Faced with growing evidence that avian influenza is spreading in birds, the World Health Organization on Wednesday signed an agreement with the Swiss pharmaceutical company Roche Holding to build up its stockpile of medicines in case of a pandemic in humans.

  Under the agreement, Roche will reserve three million treatments of its Tamiflu antiviral medicine for use by the UN agency in case of a worldwide human pandemic of avian flu.

  "It's just enough to deal with an initial outbreak," said Jong-Wook Lee, director-general of the WHO. "But clearly this is not enough to deal with a full pandemic."

  The agency says only 57 people in Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia have died, mainly from contact with infected birds. The virus has killed millions of chickens and led to preventive culling across Asia since late 2003.

  Sustained human-to-human infection has not yet been recorded. But the World Health Organization warns that bird flu, which first appeared in Hong Kong in 1997, could mutate genetically, making it easier for humans to catch and transmit the disease among themselves.

  Signs the disease has spread recently to birds in Siberia and Kazakhstan are adding to concerns, the WHO says. A panel of European Union experts will convene Thursday in Brussels to discuss measures to prevent the spread of bird deaths to European poultry.

  When asked whether he thought a widespread outbreak in humans was imminent, Lee said: "We don't know when it will come. But it would be hugely irresponsible if the WHO and member states did not take preventive measures now." Roche declined to give figures for its stockpiles of Tamiflu.

  A spokeswoman for the company, Martina Rupp, said it took from 12 to 18 months to deliver the drug after an order was placed- a relatively long time due to a complicated production process.

  Section 2: Chinese-English Translation (汉译英) (40 points)

  Translate the following passage into English. The time for this section is 60 minutes.

  中国为种类繁多的菜肴感到十分自豪。饮食是中国文化的一大要素。中国共有8大菜系,包括辛辣的川菜和清淡的粤菜。中国餐馆在 世界各地很受欢迎。

  然而,中国人的生活方式日益变化,无论是自己下厨还是上餐 馆,都出现了全新的饮食习惯。在一些传统的中国菜中,添加了奶酪 和番茄酱。城市消费者频繁地光顾一些快餐连锁店,包括麦当劳、肯 德基和必胜客。市场调查显示,在未来几年里,西式快餐的消费在中 国将以每年超过45%的速度持续增长,而中式快餐店有望增加15%。 收入的不断增长,对国际食品更多的了解,加上超市购物的便 捷,使中国出现了更乐于尝试包装及罐装食品的新一代消费者。随着 越来越多的家庭拥有冰箱,超市的冷冻食品不断增加,从速冻饺子到 炸薯条应有尽有。绿色有机食品也出现在大城市的商店里,但价格可 能比传统产品贵很多。

  由于生活方式的变化,越来越多的中国人不愿每天都采购食品。 这使包装食品更容易为大众所接受。随着有车族的增加和新城区的涌 现,超市更是日益流行。

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