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2017年catti二级笔译实务模拟题 完整版(第二十套)

   2017-09-10   【

2017年catti二级笔译实务模拟题 完整版(第二十套)

  【英译汉】

  The UN General Assembly, the central political forum, is composed of 193 members, including virtually all the world’s nation-states. Two thirds of its members are developing countries, which account for about three-quarters of the world’s population.

  Reaching decisions is difficult, especially since all agreements by custom must be reached by consensus. As a result, important agreements are often held hostage by narrow special interests, and most agreements are reached only by reducing them to their lowest common denominators. But the real question is whether the major countries of the world will allow democracy to function at the highest level.

  The Security Council, which is responsible for peace and security, deals with issues of the greatest political importance. The Council has only 15 members so it can meet frequently and deal with crises. Once impotence due to Cold War rivalries, it has regained much of the authority accorded by the UN charter.

  【参考译文】

  联合国大会。一个政治中心论坛。由193个成员国组成。几乎包括了世界上所有国家。其中三分之二是发展中国家,其人口总数达世界总人口的四分之三左右。

  联合国大会决策是比较困难的事。尤其是所有按照惯例决出的协议必须是全体赞成才能通过。因此,一些重要协议经常被少数特殊利益集团所控制,大部分协议的通过都是为了使自己的利益最大化,然后其中最大的问题就是世界上的主要大国是否愿意高度民主。

  联合国安理会,负责和安全,处理重大的政治问题。安理会由15个成员国组成,所以经常举行会里处理危机。安理会曾一度因冷战对抗而无所作为,然后现在安理会已重新获得联合国赋予的许多权力。

  【汉译英】

  然后上述政策。似乎相反为更过得校园暴力创造了条件。以前,一些大学生会在酒吧买醉,但仍在酒吧保安严密的监控下,<酒吧老板为了保住自己卖酒的招牌,也不会让这样的过激行为发生>而现在,他们躲在互助会会所和公寓里面,对自己饮酒的数量和行为不再控制。政府在打击非法毒品买卖方面采取的措施

  同样取得适得其反的效果。近年来,联邦政府成功遏制了街头毒品买卖。警方摧毁了许多毒品种植园,没收了违禁品,导致街头毒品买卖的价格暴涨。因为廉价毒品作为替代品开始有了竞争力。更糟糕的是,那些廉价的替代品比之前的毒品危害更大。

  【参考译文】

  But such policies seem instead to have created the conditions for even more campus violence.Some college students who previously drank in bars and lounges under the watchful supervision of bouncers (not to mention owners eager to keep their liquor licenses) now retreat to the sanctuary of their fraternity houses and apartments, where they no longer control their behaviour or their drinking.The boomerang effect has also played a role in attempts to reduce the availability of illicit drugs.During recent years, the federal government has been quite successful in reducing the supply of street drugs.As fields are burned and contraband confiscated, the price of street drugs has skyrocketed to a point where cheap altematives have begun to compete in the marketplace.Unfortunately, the cheap alternatives are even more harmful than the illicit drugs they replace.

 

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