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GRE考试阅读全攻略:传统学术方法

   2017-10-10   【

GRE考试阅读全攻略:传统学术方法

  P2

  An experimental version of the traditional scholarly methods course was designed to raise students' consciousness about the usefulness of traditional learning for any modern critic or theorist. To minimize the artificial aspects of the conventional course, the usual procedure of assigning a large number of small problems drawn from the entire range of historical periods was abandoned, though this procedure has the obvious advantage of at least superficially familiarizing students with a wide range of reference sources. Instead, students were engaged in a collective effort to do original work on a neglected eighteenth-century writer, Elizabeth Griffith, to give them an authentic experience of literary scholarship and to inspire them to take responsibility for the quality of their own work. Griffith's work presented a number of advantages for this particular pedagogical purpose. The body of extant scholarship on Griffith was so tiny that it could all be read in a day. In addition, because Griffith was successful in the eighteenth century, her exclusion from the canon and virtual disappearance from literary history also helped raise issues concerning the current canon. (179 words)

  3. The author of the passage suggests that which of the following is a disadvantage of the strategy employed in the experimental scholarly methods course?

  (A) Students were not given an opportunity to study women writers outside the canon.

  (B) Students' original work would not be appreciated by recognized scholars.

  (C) Little scholarly work has been done on the work of Elizabeth Griffith.

  (D) Most of the students in the course had had little opportunity to study eighteenth-century literature.

  (E) Students were not given an opportunity to encounter certain sources of information that could prove useful in their future studies.

  4. It can be inferred that the author of the passage considers traditional scholarly methods courses to be

  (A) irrelevant to the work of most students

  (B) inconsequential because of their narrow focus

  (C) unconcerned about the accuracy of reference sources

  (D) too superficial to establish important facts about authors

  (E) too wide-ranging to approximate genuine scholarly activity

  5. In the context in which it appears, "canon" most nearly means

  (A) dogma

  (B) classic

  (C) tour de force

  (D) ordinance

  (E) tenet

  P2

  1

  An experimental version of the traditional scholarly methods course was designed to raise students' consciousness about the usefulness of traditional learning for any modern critic or theorist.

  传统学术方法的一种实验形式,被设计来提高学生的意识,即按惯例研究任何一位现代评论家或理论家都是有用的。

  (非常糟糕的句子,千万别把你的写作变成这种风格)

  2

  To minimize the artificial aspects of the conventional course, the usual procedure of assigning a large number of small problems drawn from the entire range of historical periods was abandoned, though this procedure has the obvious advantage of at least superficially familiarizing students with a wide range of reference sources.

  为减少传统课程的人为观点,不再采用通常那种涉猎各历史时期,布置学生通盘考虑大量细节问题的做法,尽管这样有明显的好处,至少能让学生广泛熟悉讨论涉及的来源。

  3

  Instead, students were engaged in a collective effort to do original work on a neglected eighteenth-century writer, Elizabeth Griffith, to give them an authentic experience of literary scholarship and to inspire them to take responsibility for the quality of their own work.

  取而代之的是,学生被分组原创地研究一位被忽略的十八世纪作家,EG,给学生提供一种真实的文学批评学术经验,激励他们对自己研究的质量负责。

  4

  Griffith's work presented a number of advantages for this particular pedagogical purpose.

  G 的作品某些方面很适合这种教学方法。

  5

  The body of extant scholarship on Griffith was so tiny that it could all be read in a day.

  现存的专门研究 G 的论著少到一天就可以读完。

  6

  In addition, because Griffith was successful in the eighteenth century, her exclusion from the canon and virtual disappearance from literary history also helped raise issues concerning the current canon. (179 words)

  此外,G 这样一位十八世纪的成功作家,被排除在现有的文艺批评体系外,甚至文学史也鲜有提及,也帮助学生对现有学术体系提出质疑。

  3. The author of the passage suggests that which of the following is a disadvantage of the strategy employed in the experimental scholarly methods course?

  (A) Students were not given an opportunity to study women writers outside the canon.

  (B) Students' original work would not be appreciated by recognized scholars.

  (C) Little scholarly work has been done on the work of Elizabeth Griffith.

  (D) Most of the students in the course had had little opportunity to study eighteenth-century literature.

  (E) Students were not given an opportunity to encounter certain sources of information that could prove useful in their future studies.

  选 E

  现在采取了一种新方法,老方法的优点,就是采取新方法后的缺点。根据句 2 后半:

  ... though this procedure has the obvious advantage of at least superficially familiarizing students with a wide range of reference sources.

  4. It can be inferred that the author of the passage considers traditional scholarly methods courses to be

  (A) irrelevant to the work of most students

  (B) inconsequential because of their narrow focus

  (C) unconcerned about the accuracy of reference sources

  (D) too superficial to establish important facts about authors

  (E) too wide-ranging to approximate genuine scholarly activity

  选 E

  和第一题类似的问法,表面在问作者对传统学术方法的态度,其实是根据作者对新方法的态度推测出来的,见句 3:

  Instead, ... to give them an authentic experience of literary scholarship and to inspire them to take responsibility for the quality of their own work.

  既然新方法给学生一种真实的学术经验,等于说老方法这方面有缺乏。

  5. In the context in which it appears, "canon" most nearly means

  (A) dogma

  (B) classic

  (C) tour de force

  (D) ordinance

  (E) tenet

  选 B

  单词题。

  canon 在红宝书里采取了 “ 真经 ” 这种译法,似乎与 “ 伪经 ” 相对。我建议大家把 canon 和 the establishment 现有体制、当权派联系起来,无论是教义,法律,还是一个领域内的经典内容,都是有话语权的人决定的,嘴大的说了算,和真假的关系不是必然的。本来基督教的各种经典,也只是不同历史时期的集体创作大集合,与其说它代表了基督意志,不如说它代表了历代教派实力者的意志。

  所以,canon 在此可解释为 【MWC】 an accepted principle or rule

  dogma 教义,信条,信仰(有时含贬义,如教条主义,死抠教条)

  classic 经典,典型

  tour de force 绝技,壮举,杰作

  ordinance 命令,宗教仪式,法令、法规,风俗、习惯

  tenet 宗旨,原则,信条,教义

纠错评论责编:examwkk
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